What is a workflow?

A workflow is an object that can bundle together your pre-processing, modeling, and post-processing requests. For example, if you have a recipe and parsnip model, these can be combined into a workflow. The advantages are:

  • You don’t have to keep track of separate objects in your workspace.

  • The recipe prepping and model fitting can be executed using a single call to fit().

  • If you have custom tuning parameter settings, these can be defined using a simpler interface when combined with tune.

  • In the future, workflows will be able to add post-processing operations, such as modifying the probability cutoff for two-class models.


You can install workflows from CRAN with:


You can install the development version from GitHub with:

# install.packages("devtools")


Suppose you were modeling data on cars. Say…the fuel efficiency of 32 cars. You know that the relationship between engine displacement and miles-per-gallon is nonlinear, and you would like to model that as a spline before adding it to a Bayesian linear regression model. You might have a recipe to specify the spline:


spline_cars <- recipe(mpg ~ ., data = mtcars) %>%
  step_ns(disp, deg_free = 10)

and a model object:

bayes_lm <- linear_reg() %>%

To use these, you would generally run:

spline_cars_prepped <- prep(spline_cars, mtcars)
bayes_lm_fit <- fit(bayes_lm, mpg ~ ., data = juice(spline_cars_prepped))

You can’t predict on new samples using bayes_lm_fit without the prepped version of spline_cars around. You also might have other models and recipes in your workspace. This might lead to getting them mixed-up or forgetting to save the model/recipe pair that you are most interested in.

workflows makes this easier by combining these objects together:

car_wflow <- workflow() %>%
  add_recipe(spline_cars) %>%

Now you can prepare the recipe and estimate the model via a single call to fit():

car_wflow_fit <- fit(car_wflow, data = mtcars)

You can alter existing workflows using update_recipe() / update_model() and remove_recipe() / remove_model().


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